Meningitis is an infection of the meninges, which is the membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Anyone, including adults, can get meningitis. However, people with weakened immune systems and young children are at higher risk.
Signs and symptoms of meningitis include:
Meningitis is usually caused by pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi, so the type of treatment a person receives will vary.
Read on to learn more about adult meningitis, including causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
Meningitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the meninges.Meninges
Meningitis usually occurs when viruses, bacteria, and fungi infect the meninges, causing inflammation and swelling.
Cancer, autoimmune diseases, and reactions to drugs can sometimes cause meningitis. When this happens, a person has non-infectious meningitis.
Learn more about the types of meningitis here.
There are many causes of meningitis, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. However, when the pathogen is not the cause of meningitis, a person has non-infectious meningitis.
The following pathogens
- Virus: Non-polio enteroviruses similar to the common cold often cause viral meningitis. Usually, these viruses are mild and go away on their own, but sometimes, meningitis can develop into complications. Other viruses that can cause meningitis include mumps, chickenpox, measles, and flu.
- germ: this
The most common typeThe bacteria that cause meningitis are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Group B Streptococcus, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenza, with ListeriaSome of these bacteria are spread through contaminated food, but usually, bacteria are spread from person to person.
- fungus: The main types of fungi that cause meningitis areCryptococcus neoformans, Coccidioides crassula, Aspergillus, with Candida. The source of these fungi
includeWood, soil and pigeon droppings.
Parasites and amoeba can also cause meningitis, but the case is
Adults may develop non-infectious meningitis due to health conditions such as cancer.
Other non-infectious causes
The symptoms of meningitis in adults and children may be different.
Usually, the symptoms do not appear at the same time. A person usually notices a gradual decline in their happiness.
In adults, symptoms of meningitis may manifest as:
Meningitis affects adults and children in the same way.However, the symptoms
For example, adults may complain of a stiff neck, while babies arch their backs and cry.
Newborns also don’t always have fever or hypothermia. Overall, they show more subtle signs of infection.
Although many people have fully recovered from meningitis, some have not.
A person’s recovery depends on many factors, such as how quickly they receive treatment and the severity of the infection.
For example, bacterial meningitis is
Other serious complications of meningitis include:
To confirm the diagnosis of meningitis, the doctor will first perform a physical examination and pay attention to signs of meningeal irritation, back pain, and light sensitivity. They will also examine a person’s skin carefully to check for discoloration and rashes.
After the physical examination, the doctor will ask to take a sample of the patient’s cerebrospinal fluid to confirm whether there are viruses, bacteria, and fungi that cause meningitis.
Adults 18-49 years old usually receive ceftriaxone or vancomycin by needle or intravenous (IV).
People over 50 or with a weakened immune system will also receive ceftriaxone IV or vancomycin IV, but doctors may also consider ampicillin IV.
To reduce inflammation of the meninges, a person may receive steroid treatment. However, more research is needed to determine whether steroids are an effective and safe treatment for bacterial meningitis.
In the case of fungal meningitis, the doctor
The recovery time varies from person to person, depending on the cause of the meningitis:
- Viral meningitis: People usually
7-10 daysAnd often there will not be any lasting complications.
- Bacterial meningitis: The recovery time from bacterial meningitis varies, and some people can start to feel better in just 2-3 days. However, if they develop serious complications, they may need long-term treatment.
- Fungal meningitis: People with underlying health conditions, such as cancer,
UsuallyIt takes time to recover from fungal meningitis and may require long-term treatment.
Meningitis can affect people of any age, including adults. The three main causes of meningitis are viral, bacterial and fungal infections.
Adults with weakened immune systems are most likely to develop serious meningitis complications, especially if they develop meningeal bacterial infections.
Doctor diagnoses adult meningitis
Viral meningitis usually resolves spontaneously in the body