There are many potential causes of low back pain in women. Some are related to diseases specific to women, while others can happen to anyone.
In this article, we will carefully study the possible causes of low back pain in women and when it is important to follow up with your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
Some causes of low back pain are unique to women. These include the conditions listed below.
Premenstrual syndrome is a condition that many women get before menstruation. It has many underlying symptoms, and you may not have all of them. Broadly speaking, symptoms include:
- Physical symptoms, such as:
- Emotional and behavioral symptoms, such as:
PMS usually starts a few days before your menstrual period and ends within a day or two after your menstrual period begins.
PMDD is a more serious form of PMS, and its symptoms can severely interfere with daily life. Some people with PMDD may not even work properly when they develop symptoms. There are fewer women with PMDD than PMS.
The emotional, behavioral, and physical symptoms of PMDD are similar to those of PMS. However, all types of symptoms can be worse. Symptoms usually start a week before menstruation and end a few days after menstruation.
If you have a family history of depression and other mood disorders, or a family history of PMDD, your risk of PMDD may increase.
Endometriosis is a condition in which endometrial tissue (called endometrial tissue) grows outside the uterus.
For endometriosis, this tissue usually grows on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and other tissues on the lining of the pelvis. It may even grow around the urinary tract and intestines.
Pain is the most common symptom of endometriosis. Other symptoms include:
Endometriosis can also cause bleeding or spotting during menstruation. Digestive problems such as bloating and diarrhea are also common, especially during menstruation. Endometriosis may make it more difficult for you to get pregnant.
Very painful menstruation is called dysmenorrhea. Although it is usually controllable, it can be very serious for some people. If you have the following conditions, your risk of dysmenorrhea may be higher:
- Under 20 years old
- Heavy bleeding during menstruation
- Have a family history of dysmenorrhea
- There are potential conditions, such as:
The pain caused by dysmenorrhea is usually felt in the lower abdomen, lower back, buttocks and legs. It usually lasts 1 to 3 days. The pain may be dull and painful, or it may feel like shooting pain.
Back pain is very common during pregnancy. It happens when your center of gravity shifts, weight gain, and your hormones relax the ligaments in preparation for labor.
For most women, back pain occurs between the fifth and seventh months of pregnancy, but it can start earlier. If you already have waist problems, you are more likely to have back pain during pregnancy.
The most common areas of pain are just below the waist and the tailbone. You may also have pain in the center of your back and around your waist. This pain may radiate to your legs.
There are also some causes of low back pain that can affect people of any gender. Some of the most common causes include the conditions outlined below:
Muscle or ligament strain is one of the most common causes of low back pain. It may be caused by the following reasons:
- Repeated weightlifting
- Awkwardly bent or twisted
- Sudden embarrassment
- Excessive stretching of muscles or ligaments
If you continue to do exercises that strain muscles, it will eventually cause back cramps.
Sciatica is a symptom caused by compression or damage to the sciatic nerve, which is the longest nerve in the body. This is the nerve that runs from your lower spine through your hips and the back of your legs.
Sciatica can cause burning or low back pain, and it feels like a shock. It usually extends down one leg. In severe cases, you may also experience numbness and weakness in your legs.
A herniated disc means that one of the intervertebral discs that cushion the vertebrae is compressed and protrudes outward. This will eventually cause the intervertebral disc to rupture. The pain is caused by a herniated disc compressing the nerve.
A herniated disc can also be caused by an injury. As we age, it becomes more likely. The lower back is the most common area of disc herniation, but it can also occur in the neck.
As we age, the intervertebral discs in the spine begin to wear down. Degeneration can also be caused by injury or repetitive movement. Most people will experience some disc degeneration after the age of 40. It does not always cause pain, but for some people it can cause severe pain.
Degeneration is most common in your neck and lower back. The pain may extend to your hips and thighs, and it may come and go.
If your back pain is caused by a condition related to menstrual periods or muscle strain, you may need to try the following home remedies to relieve lower back pain:
- A heating pad. The heating pad attached to the back can promote blood circulation, so that nutrients and oxygen can reach the back muscles.
- Take a hot bath. A warm bath can improve blood circulation and reduce muscle pain and stiffness.
- Over-the-counter painkillers. Over-the-counter (OTC) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), and aspirin, can help relieve back pain and other menstrual-related pain.
- exercise. Staying active can improve blood circulation and relieve tense muscles.
- Stretch gently. Regular stretching may help reduce back pain or prevent its recurrence.
- An ice bag. If your back pain is caused by a muscle strain or injury, ice packs may help reduce inflammation, pain, and bruising. Ice packs work best within the first 48 hours of muscle strain or injury.
- A pillow. If you sleep on your side, put a pillow between your knees, if you sleep on your back, put a pillow under your knees, which may help relieve back pain and discomfort.
- Good lumbar support. Using a chair with good lumbar support may help relieve back pain when sitting.
In some cases, it is important to see a doctor to determine the cause of back pain. If you experience any of the following conditions, please see a doctor as soon as possible:
- You can’t stand or walk
- Your back pain is accompanied by fever, or you cannot control your bowel or bladder
- Pain, numbness or tingling in your leg
- Pain extends to your leg
- You have severe abdominal pain
- Your back pain is serious and it affects your daily life
- You have symptoms of endometriosis
- You have pain during pregnancy, vaginal bleeding, fever, or pain when urinating
- You have back pain after a fall or accident
- After a week of home care, your pain has not improved
Depending on the cause of your lower back pain, your doctor may provide treatment beyond home remedies or self-care measures.
The treatment plan prescribed by your doctor may include:
Women’s low back pain can be caused by many different conditions and underlying factors. If it is around the month of your menstrual period, your back pain may be related to factors related to your menstrual cycle.
Your pain may also be caused by conditions that affect anyone of any age or gender, such as muscle strain, sciatica, or a herniated disc.
The treatment of low back pain depends on the underlying cause. In many cases, you can try home remedies first. However, if your back pain does not improve or gets worse, please follow up with your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.