Notice some pain, maybe it’s a strange bump, maybe it’s in your abdomen or groin. Is this something you didn’t have before? You may have a hernia.
When a part of an organ starts to pierce a gap or weakness in the muscle or other tissue layer that surrounds it and protects it, you have a hernia. They can occur in many different parts of your body, and depending on their severity, they can cause pain and discomfort.
But the pain is not always contained only in the area of the hernia. Sometimes, you may also feel pain in your back. Learn more about what causes this back pain and what you can do.
There are several different types of hernias, including:
The most common abdominal hernia is an inguinal hernia, which usually occurs when a part of the small intestine begins to pass through a weak part of the abdominal wall near the groin.
These hernias may be present at birth, or they may develop over time. They are more common in men than in women. The tissue or intestine can also pass through the weakened area and into the scrotum.
Most people feel pain or pressure in the adjacent area, but they also feel pain in the middle or lower back. However, determining whether a hernia is the cause of back pain is not always easy.
If you just have back pain without any other symptoms, it may be another situation. However, if your lower abdomen or groin bulges with some pain, it may be a hernia, and a hernia may cause this extra pain.
Disc herniation is also called herniated disc, herniated disc, herniated disc, and ruptured disc.
When the gel-like substance in the intervertebral disc acts as a cushion between each bone in your vertebrae, this substance begins to squeeze out the sides through the weakened area of the outer disc.
Due to spinal stenosis, the slipped disc usually puts pressure on the spinal nerves, which can cause back pain. Sometimes, people feel some numbness or tingling.
A herniated disc is similar in principle to an abdominal hernia: the contents inside try to get out, and the result is pain. But the location is different, so are the substances that try to migrate outside of their usual boundaries.
For abdominal hernias, the structures in the abdominal cavity push the weakened areas of abdominal muscles or other tissues, forming bumps or lumps.
But for a herniated disc, the gel-like substance in the middle of the disc will be squeezed out through the weakness or rupture of the tough outer edge of the disc.
Any intervertebral disc in any part of the spine may be herniated. The most common part of a herniated disc is the lower back.
If it does not compress the nerves, you may only experience mild back pain in your lower back.
But sometimes the intervertebral disc ruptures and puts pressure on one or more lumbar nerve roots. These nerve roots come together to become your sciatic nerve. This is a very long nerve that runs through your hips and hips and extends to your legs.
Then, you may need to prepare for some severe pain and discomfort radiating from your lower back to your hips, legs, and calves. This kind of radiating pain is called radiculopathy.
According to the American Association of Neurosurgeons (AANS), you may develop radiculopathy in your lower back.
When tissues form lesions in the waist, there is a very rare condition called lumbar triangle hernia, which can also cause back pain.
A very small study pointed out that low back pain may be a major symptom of lumbar triangle hernia, but it can be very challenging to diagnose. Other studies point out that fewer than 300 cases are described in detail in the scientific literature.
It is not always possible to tell if a hernia is causing your back pain, which is why health care professionals usually urge people to get an examination.
Symptoms of herniated disc
According to AANS, the location of the affected intervertebral disc and the size of the herniation will affect your symptoms. The pain is not always limited to the herniated disc.
The pain sometimes extends beyond your neck or waist. It may radiate down your arms or legs, usually in the area where the nerves travel.
The pain may get worse after you stand up or sit down or move in a certain way. If you have radiculopathy, the resulting pain may be mild, but it may also be severe. Some people describe the pain as feeling severe or shocked.
Sometimes you may need to seek medical attention for a hernia. Usually when you can no longer tolerate the pain, or when it prevents you from performing normal activities of daily living.
Depending on the type of hernia, the doctor may recommend starting with non-surgical treatment. For example, you can use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to control the pain of a herniated disc. But in the future, you may need surgery.
If you experience any of these symptoms, please do not wait for an appointment. If you encounter the following conditions, please go to the emergency room:
- Severe or worsening pain
- Difficulty defecation
- Urinary incontinence or urinary retention
- Racing heart rate
- Nausea and vomiting
Because of the inguinal hernia, women are more prone to emergency complications, and they usually need surgery to repair the hernia. So this is another motivation to seek care immediately.
In some cases, you may do well with pain medication and the passage of time. In other cases, the doctor may recommend surgical repair to solve the problem and hope that you will be free from pain in the future.
If you have an abdominal hernia, you may indeed need surgical repair.
If you have a herniated disc, your doctor may first adopt a conservative approach, suggesting that you use pain medication and physical therapy.
According to AANS data, non-surgical methods can improve the pain and other symptoms of most patients with a herniated disc—about 9 out of 10 times.
If you suspect that you have a hernia, the cause may be a bulge in the new location or some back pain that cannot go away, please consult a healthcare professional.
Depending on the cause and location of the hernia, you may need to discuss treatments.