Many different muscles, bones and connective tissue meet in the back. This means that an individual may experience various symptoms in the lower back. Small changes in the way a person experiences pain may help doctors determine the source of pain.
A simple movement may cause muscle strain, such as bending over to pick up something or twisting while holding a heavy object.
A person may experience severe pain, causing a burning or tingling sensation or radiating pain. They may also feel stiff back and muscle aches, and the pain will increase if they twist or move the back.
Muscle strains are usually minor injuries and usually do not require or rarely require treatment.
However, these types of injuries generally respond well to rest, which means avoiding physical activity for a few days while the muscle is healing. When the muscle strain is healing, avoid sitting in an upright position, such as at a desk, as this may come into contact with the injured muscle.
However, after a few days of rest, physical activity can help strengthen muscles.Comment on
In addition, working with a physical therapist to develop a gentle exercise program can help strengthen the affected muscles in the back.
Hot or cold compresses may help treat symptoms such as swelling and pain. During the first few days, alternate between 20 minutes of cold and 20 minutes of rest several times a day. After that, using a hot pack may help relax tense muscles and promote blood circulation.
Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers, such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol), may also help control symptoms. However, please always follow the dosage recommendations and do not use them to relieve pain.
The sciatic nerve is a long nerve that extends from the back to the legs. Sciatica, refers to the pain of the nerve, which occurs due to pressure on the sciatic nerve. This pressure may be caused by injuries (such as a herniated disc) or longer-term problems (such as incorrect posture).
Sciatica is relatively common in adults, between
The pain caused by sciatica may increase over time or appear suddenly. It can also vary between dull pain and unbearable tearing or burning.
Many people describe the pain as warm or intense, and it usually radiates from one side of the lower back down to the buttocks or buttocks.
Working with a physical therapist to help strengthen the back muscles may help relieve the pain caused by sciatica. Practicing the correct posture, especially when sitting, may gradually increase the strength of the back and prevent additional stress on the nerves.
Intervertebral disc degeneration
With age, the structure of the body will age with age. The rubber discs that cushion the spine begin to wear out, often causing back pain and stiffness.
Some over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs and exercises may help relieve pressure on the intervertebral discs.
When one of the intervertebral discs ruptures, a spondylolisthesis or herniated disc will occur. This puts pressure on the nerves, which can cause severe, severe pain.
If the intervertebral disc puts pressure on these nerves, a person may experience the following symptoms:
- Tingling or numbness in the lower back, buttocks, and legs
- Muscle cramps
- Weakness in the lower back and legs
Most cases respond well to mild treatments, such as rest and physical therapy. In more severe cases, surgery may be an option.
Read some safe exercises for treating herniated discs.
Serious injury caused by accident
Violent injuries from shock sports, car accidents, and falls can all cause sudden back pain. Anyone who experiences back pain after such an event should see a doctor immediately, because the pain may be a sign of more seriousness, such as a broken back.
Other signs of a serious back injury may include:
- Loss of bladder control
- Numbness in the groin or pelvis
- Weak legs
- Pain when coughing or urinating
Anyone experiencing these symptoms should see a doctor.
Other chronic problems
Lower back pain may be caused by an injury, but it may also be a sign of chronic problems, such as:
In women, low back pain may indicate a range of diseases, such as ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, or ovarian cancer.
Sometimes, a person will know the cause of severe back pain. This may happen after they bend over to pick up something or after strenuous exercise in the gym. In these cases, rest and home care may be enough to help the body heal.
In some cases, a person should see a doctor.
If the pain does not respond well to home treatment, or if unexplained pain persists for more than a few days, see a doctor.
Disturbing symptoms, such as tingling or weakness in the legs, are also signs of seeing a doctor.
Take note of any symptoms, as they seem to be shared with the doctor. During the visit, the doctor may ask the patient to describe their symptoms and how long they lasted.
They may ask the patient to do a series of exercises to try to find the exact point of back pain and determine the root cause.
In some cases, they may also request imaging tests to aid diagnosis, such as X-rays or MRI.
Read 10 exercises for strengthening the lower back here.