When back or neck pain occurs, normal activities are disturbed. Seeking relief from back or neck pain is one of the most common reasons people go to the doctor or miss work.
“The back and neck spine is made up of many joints, each of which degenerates and causes pain,” said Mohamad Bydon, MD, a neurosurgeon at the Mayo Clinic and editor of “Back and Neck Health: Mayo Clinic Guidelines.” Prevent back and neck pain. “
The causes of the back and neck can range from heredity to the result of physical labor to accidents or illnesses. Although most back and neck pain will resolve on its own, it is important not to ignore persistent pain.
“Pain is the body’s way of warning you that something is wrong,” Dr. Biden said.
If back and neck pain symptoms do not subside within three to four weeks, or if you experience new and worsening symptoms, such as numbness, tingling or weakness in your arms, hands, legs, or feet, Dr. Biden recommends seeing a doctor Health care provider.
Medical care is also recommended if the following conditions occur:
- Your pain occurred after a traumatic event such as a car accident or a fall.
- Your pain is severe.
- Your pain is accompanied by a fever of 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit or higher.
- You lose strength in your arms or legs.
- You cannot control your bowels or bladder.
- You have a headache, tingling or numbness with neck pain.
Identifying back and neck problems through X-rays, MRI, or other tests can help determine effective treatments from self-care to surgery.
“The good news is that most cases of back and neck pain can be treated at home,” Dr. Biden said. “When self-care is not enough, some measures can be taken to help-usually starting with non-surgical measures.”
These options can be explored to relieve pain:
- Self-care: Hot or cold compresses or massage may relieve symptoms. Gentle stretches and light exercises may relax tight muscles. Over-the-counter pain medications may help control pain, but please be careful to take these medications only in recommended doses.
- Physiotherapy: A physiotherapist can provide specific exercises designed to relieve pain, restore activity, and improve strength and posture.
- Non-surgical interventions: From acupuncture, chiropractic and injections to nerve stimulation and prescriptions, a wide range of interventions can address back and neck pain.
“Under the guidance of a doctor, you may be able to take advantage of one or more of these treatments and return to normal activities,” Dr. Biden said.
If these options do not work, surgery may be required.
“Surgery is usually the last resort for back and neck pain,” Dr. Biden said. Surgery may not eliminate all your pain or cure diseases such as arthritis, which cause age-related vertebrae (called vertebrae) and intervertebral discs (which act as shock absorbers between each vertebrae) to wear and tear .
Surgery may help when the nerves or the spinal cord itself are compressed due to degenerative changes in the spine. Your surgeon may remove bone, damaged disc tissue, or both. Fusion surgery permanently connects two or more vertebrae, eliminating painful movement between the vertebrae. Spine tumors or deformities may also require surgery.
Technological advancements, such as image-guided or robot-guided surgery, continue to improve the outcome of patients’ spinal surgery.
All surgeries have potential problems, from bleeding and infections to rare catastrophic complications. “Your surgeon should have a frank and open discussion with you about the risk of complications based on your health history,” Dr. Biden said. Seeking a second opinion can give you more confidence that you are choosing the surgeon and method that suits you best.
Healthy habits to prevent pain
To prevent back and neck pain, please consider prevention.
Regular exercise can strengthen the muscles, joints and bones that support the back and neck. Exercise also helps maintain a healthy weight, thereby reducing pressure on the back and neck. Start physical activity slowly.
“The best activities are the things you like and are willing to do-walking, dancing, yoga, swimming, biking, whatever you like,” said Dr. Biden.
Try to engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity for most of the week.
Good posture is also very important. Whether standing, sitting, or lifting weights, poor posture can cause muscle weakness, tightness, and overstretch ligaments, putting extra pressure on the spine. Avoid being lazy.
“Healthy habits, including good sleep and relaxation techniques, have a great impact on overall health. They can prevent serious problems, such as back or neck pain, or make it easier to recover from this condition,” Dr. Biden said.
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Citation: The treatment of back and neck pain ranges from self-care to surgery; prevention is the key (2021, October 6), retrieved on October 6, 2021 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-10- neck-pain-treatments-range-self-care.html
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